Dating violence among college men and women
Specifically, 46.1% of women reported engaging in some physical violence in intimate relationship since leaving high school. Viano (Ed.), Intimate violence: interdisciplinary perspectives. This finding was the same for both black and white respondents.") Doroszewicz, K., & Forbes, G. (A review article examining female partner aggression with a focus on treatment issues.) Dutton, D. Results reveal that women report engaging in higher rates of violence than men. Results indicate that "when one partner could be said to be the usual initiator of violence, that partner was most often the women. Experiences with dating aggression and sexual coercion among Polish college students. (The CTS-2 was used to study dating aggression in a sample ). Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 5 (2), 73-104. Concludes that men are as likely as women to be victims and both suffer similar physical and psychological consequences of IPV.) Dutton, D. However, most criminal justice interventions and custody evaluations assume that males are more likely to be IPV perpetrators.) Dutton, D. International Journal of Men's Health, 8, (1), 22-40. Article examines themes obtained from interviews and personal diary material.) Amendt, G. Results reveal that 1/3 of men reported episodes of physical violence during the divorce process and 2/3 of these were initiated by ex-partners.) Anderson, K. In terms of injuries, women were somewhat more likely to be injured, and analyses reveal that 62% of those injured were women.) Archer, J. Sex differences in physically aggressive acts between heterosexual partners: A meta-analytic review. (Analyzing responses to the Conflict Tactic Scale and using a data set somewhat different from the previous 2000 publication, the author reports that women are more likely than men to throw something at their partners, as well as slap, kick, bite, punch and hit with an object. Overall in the 12-month period preceding the survey, an estimated 3% Canadian women and 2% of Canadian men reported experiencing violence from their partners. Violent Acts and injurious outcomes in married couples: Methodological issues in the National Survey of Families and Households. (Used the Conflict Tactics scale in a large national survey, n=5,474, and found that women engage in same amount of spousal violence as men.) Brutz, J., & Ingoldsby, B. Men were more likely than women to strangle, choke, or beat up their partners.) Archer, J. Cross cultural differences in physical aggression between partners: A social-role analysis. Violent intimacy: The family as a model for love relationships. (Surveyed 461 college students, 168 men, 293 women, with regard to dating violence. Dating Violence at three time periods: 1976, 1992, 1996. (Data was collected from college students in 1986 . Courtship violence and the interactive status of the relationship. (Using CTS with 526 university students found Similar rates of mutual violence but with women reporting higher rates of violence initiation when partner had not--9% vs 3%.) Bland, R., & Orne, H. During the 5 year period from 1995-1999, an estimated 8% of Canadian women and 7% of Canadian men reported violence from their partners. men who are involved in disputes with their partners, whether as alleged victims or as alleged offenders or both, are disadvantaged and treated less favorably than women by the law-enforcement system at almost every step.") Brush, L. REFERENCES EXAMINING ASSAULTS BY WOMEN ON THEIR SPOUSES OR MALE PARTNERS: AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Martin S. (Examined Interspousal violence in a representative sample of 562 couples in Calgary, Canada. Gender identity, self-esteem, and physical and sexual abuse in dating relationships. (A sample of 505 college students completed the CTS. Agreement on reports of intimate partner violence among white, Black, and Hispanic couples in the United States. (A probability sample of 1635 couples was interviewed and assessed with the CTS. In terms of injuries, 22% of girls and 17% of boys reported being injured by their dating partners. Findings reveal that 31% of men and 36% of women engaged "in an act of physical aggression against their current partner.") Capaldi, D. Fiebert Department of Psychology California State University, Long Beach Last updated: June 2012SUMMARY: This bibliography examines 286 scholarly investigations: 221 empirical studies and 65 reviews and/or analyses, which demonstrate that women are as physically aggressive, or more aggressive, than men in their relationships with their spouses or male partners. Used Conflict Tactics Scale and found twice as much wife-to-husband as husband-to-wife severe violence . Authors reports that they found "no significant difference between men and women in reporting inflicting or sustaining physical abuse." Specifically, within a one year period they found that 14% of the men and 18% of the women reported inflicting physical abuse, while 10% of the men and 14% of the women reported sustaining physical abuse.) Caetano, R., Schafter, J., Field, C., & Nelson, S. Agreement concerning intimate partner violence was about 40%, with no differences reported across ethnicities. Note this difference was nonsignificant.) Capaldi, D. A significantly greater percentage of women thought self-defense was a legitimate reason for men to be aggressive, while a greater percentage of men thought slapping was a legitimate response for a man or woman if their partner was sexually unfaithful.) Arriaga, X. Adolescent dating violence victimization and psychological well-being. (Subjects were 190 high school students who completed a modified version of the CTS2. Observed and reported psychological and physical aggression in young, at-risk couples. (A sample of 118 young men and their dating partners were surveyed regarding their own physical aggression as well as that of their partners.
Aggression, Antisocial Behavior, and Violence Among Girls (pp. Authors conclude that "Young women were observed to initiate physical aggression toward their partners more frequently than were the young men." And "the relative prevalence of frequent physical aggression by women and of injury and fear for men was surprisingly high.") Capaldi, D. Mutual aggression increased the likelihood of injury for both men and women.) Capaldi, D. Authors report "2% of the men and none of the women indicate that they had been hurt by their partners between five and nine times." Carlson, B. Also summarizes intervention programs for such women.) Carrado, M., George, M. With regard to current relationships, 11% of men and 5% of women reported being victims of partner aggression.) Cascardi, M., Avery-Leaf, S., O'Leary, K. Gender Symmetry in Dating Intimate Partner Violence: Does Behavior Imply Similar Constructs? (A sample of 414 college students responded to the CTS2. (Study reports the first national estimate of IPV among Asian Americans. Results revealed that significantly more men than women reported being victimized by their partners.) Coker, A. Results reveal that 8.9% of girls reported perpetrating violence compared to 6.1% of boys. Couples were classified as equalitarian, female-dominant, male-dominant, or divided power. International Journal of Law & Psychiatry, 32, 167-175. Results reveal no differences in expressed or received partner violence for men and women.) Clark, M. (A sample of 457 college men and 958 college women completed the CTS. And how many times during the past 12 months did you beat up the person you date or go out with? Marital Power, Conflict, and Violence in a Nationally Representative Sample of American Couples. A sample of 2,143 couples from a 1975 nationally representative survey responded to the CTS and a measure developed by Blood and Wolfe to assess marital power. The feminization of domestic violence in America: The woozle effect goes beyond rhetoric. (Authors review the domestic violence literature and report that while society in general as well as the media portray women as recipients of domestic violence...epidemiological surveys on the distribution of violent behavior between adult partners suggest gender parity.) Cook, P. Results indicate that women were significantly more likely than their male partners to express physical violence. Prevalence and correlates of physical aggression during courtship. (Used Conflict Tactics Scale with a sample of 270 undergraduates and found 30% of men and 49% of women reported using some form of aggression in their dating histories with a greater percentage of women engaging in severe physical aggression.) Arias, I., & Johnson, P. Evaluations of physical aggression among intimate dyads. (Used Conflict Tactics Scale-CTS- with a sample of 103 male and 99 female undergraduates. In terms of victimization, 33% of girls, and 38% of boys reported being victims of partner aggression on occasion one and 47% of girls and 49% of boys reported victimization on occasion two. Authors also report that, "measures of partner agreement were high" and that the correlation between past and present violence was low.) Arias, I., Samios, M., & O'Leary, K. Both men and women had similar experience with dating violence, 19% of women and 18% of men admitted being physically aggressive.
The gender paradigm in domestic violence research and theory: the conflict of theory and data. (A review and analysis of the data regarding male victimization. Subjects responded to the revised Conflict Tactics scale, gender hostility scales and injury scales. (A sample of 541 subjects from New York State .) Ehrensaft, M. Findings reveal that 9% of the total sample, with an equal number of men and women, were victims of clinical abuse in their relationships with partners.) Ellison, C.